10 (ten) is a positive integer following 9 and preceding 11. Since humans have ten fingers, base 10 (the decimal system) is the leading numeral system used by humans worldwide. Its ordinal form is written "10th" or "tenth".
It is one of few non-single-digit numbers that has its own emoji: 🔟
- 10 is an even composite number.
- 10 is the 4th triangular number.
- 10 is the 3rd tetrahedral number.
- A ten sided shape is called a decagon.
- 10 is the smallest number whose status is unknown whether it is solitary or friendly. It has no friends less than 10^30.
Due to its ubiquity as a number base, many googologisms are based on the number ten:
- All the -illion numbers and SI prefixes (deca- in particular is exactly 10)
- Googol, googolplex and their variants
- A large portion of Jonathan Bowers' numbers (aside from those based on 3)
- Almost all of Sbiis Saibian's numbers. Menger sponge is a counterexample.
- In Greek-based number naming systems, 10 is associated with prefix deka-, and with prefix deci- in Latin systems.
- Using Sbiis Saibian's naming system, this number is called monologue.
- Aarex Tiaokhiao coined the names uoonol, 1-noogol, uagnol, ueenol, and uignol for this number.
- Wikia user NumLynx gave the name monoplex for this number, coined in analogy to the monologue.
- Username5243 coined the names goonol, doonol, toonol, tetoonol, penoonol, exoonol, eptoonol, ottoonol and ennoonol for this number, and it's equal to 101 = 101 = 101 = etc. in Username5243's Array Notation.
- Nirvana Supermind coined zero-unol for this number, and it's equal to Q<10,1> in quick array notation.
This is also the base of Saibian's Hyper-E notation ,that is Ea = 10^a.
Googological functions returning 10
- Fusible numbers: \(m_1(2)=10\)
- In duodecimal, the digit eleven is normally represented by an upside-down 3 and is named "el".
In duodecimal, the digit ten is normally represented by an upside-down 2, or an "X" lookalike and is named "dek".