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Googology Wiki

Japanese characters for Gougasha

Gougasha or Kougasha (恒河沙 written in Japanese characters, means 'Sands of the Ganges') is \(10^{52}\) . The word is in Buddhism's sutra, and it was adopted in Chinese counting system and in Japanese counting system. [1][2]

In English, it is ten sexdecillion in short scale or ten octilliard in long scale.


Notation Lower bound Upper bound
Scientific notation \(1\times10^{52}\)
Arrow notation \(10\uparrow52\)
Steinhaus-Moser Notation 33[3] 34[3]
Copy notation 9[52] 1[53]
Taro's multivariable Ackermann function A(3,169) A(3,170)
Pound-Star Notation #*(4,7,4,3,2,1)*6 #*(5,7,4,3,2,1)*6
BEAF {10,52}
Hyper-E notation E52
Bashicu matrix system (0)(0)(0)(0)[1778] (0)(0)(0)(0)[1779]
Hyperfactorial array notation 42! 43!
Fast-growing hierarchy \(f_2(165)\) \(f_2(166)\)
Hardy hierarchy \(H_{\omega^2}(165)\) \(H_{\omega^2}(166)\)
Slow-growing hierarchy \(g_{\omega^{\omega5+2}}(10)\)


See also